Biodiversity in Belize
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Birds of Belize, part I

For a key to status and districts go back to the birds home page.

TINAMOUS (TINAMIDAE) - KINGFISHERS (ALCEDINIDAE)

District
English Name Scientific name Local name(s) Status Co OW Be Cy SC To
Great Tinamou Tinamus major Blue-footed partridge R X X X X X X
Little Tinamou Crypturellus soui Bawley R X X X X X X
Thicket Tinamou Crypturellus cinnamomeus Perdiz R X X X X
Slaty-breasted Tinamou Crypturellus boucardi Red-footed partridge R X X X X X
GREBES - PODICIPEDIDAE
Least Grebe Tachybaptus dominicus Diving dopper, Diving dabbler R X X X X X X
Pied-billed Grebe Podilymbus podiceps WR X X X X X X
PETRELS & SHEARWATERS - PROCELLARIIDAE
Sooty Shearwater Puffinus griseus A
Manx Shearwater Puffinus puffinus A X
Audubon's Shearwater Puffinus lherminieri A X
BOOBIES AND GANNETS - SULIDAE
Masked Booby Sula dactylatra A X
Brown Booby Sula leucogaster R X X X
Red-footed Booby Sula sula R X
TROPICBIRDS - PHAETHONTIDAE
White-tailed Tropicbird Phaethon lepturus X
PELICANS - PELECANIDAE
American White Pelican Pelecanus erythrorhynchos T X X X X X X
Brown Pelican Pelecanus occidentalis Pelekin WR X X X X X X
CORMORANTS - PHALACROCORACIDAE
Double-crested Cormorant Phalacrocorax auritus Shag R X X X X X X
Neotropic Cormorant Phalacrocorax brasilianus Shag R X X X X X
ANHINGAS - ANHINGIDAE
Anhinga Anhinga anhinga Snake bird, Shag R X X X X X X
FRIGATEBIRDS - FREGATIDAE
Magnificent Frigatebird Fregata magnificens Man-o-war, Rabio R X X X X X X
HERONS - ARDEIDAE
Pinnated Bittern Botaurus pinnatus R X X X X
American Bittern Botaurus lentiginosus W X X X X
Least Bittern Ixobrychus exilis R X X X X
Bare-throated Tiger Heron Tigrisoma mexicanum Barking gaulin R X X X X X X
Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias Full pott, Garza morene WR X X X X X X
Great Egret Egretta alba Gaulin, Garza blanca WR X X X X X X
Snowy Egret Egretta thula White Gaulin, Garza blanca WR X X X X X X
Little Blue Heron Egretta caerulea Blue Gaulin, Garza morene W X X X X X X
Tricolored Heron Egretta tricolor Crabcatcher, Garza morene WR X X X X X X
Reddish Egret Egretta rufescens Garza morene R X X X X X
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis Gaulin, Garza blanca WR X X X X X X
Green Heron Butorides virescens Green-backed Heron, Poor Joe WR X X X X X X
Agami Heron Agamia agami Blue jacket R ? X X X X X
Black-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax nycticorax WRR X X X X X X
Yellow-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax violaceus King carpenter WR X X X X X X
Boat-billed Heron Cochlearius cochlearius Spoon-billed carpenter R X X X X X X
IBISES AND SPOONBILLS - THRESKIORNITHIDAE
White Ibis Eudocimus albus White curlew, Cocito R X X X X X
Scarlet Ibis Eudocimus ruber A X
Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus W ? X X X X X
Roseate Spoonbill Ajaia ajaja Cuchara R X X X ? X X
STORKS - CICONIIDAE
Jabiru * Jabiru mycteria Turk, Fillymingo DR X X X X X X
Wood Stork * Mycteria americana John Crow Curlew, Galletan R X X X X X X
AMERICAN VULTURES - CATHARTIDAE
Black Vulture Coragyps atratus John Crow, Sope WR X X X X X X
Turkey Vulture Cathartes aura Doctor John Crow, Sope WR X X X X X X
Lesser Yellow-headed Vulture Cathartes burrovianus John Crow R X X X X X X
King Vulture Sarcoramphus papa King John Crow, Sope real R X X X X X X
FLAMINGOS - PHOENICOPTERIDAE
American Flamingo Phoenicopterus ruber A X X X X
SWANS, GEESE AND DUCKS - ANATIDAE
Fulvous Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna bicolor R X X X
Black bellied Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna autumnalis R X X X X X X
Greater White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons A X
Snow Goose Anser caerulescens A X X
Muscovy Duck * Cairina moschata R X X X X X X
American Wigeon Anas americana WT X X X X
Blue-winged Teal Anas discors W X X X X X X
Cinnamon Teal Anas cyanoptera ? X X X
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata WT X X X X
Northern Pintail Anas acuta WT X X X X
Green-winged Teal Anas crecca W X X X
Ring-necked Duck Aythya collaris A X X X X
Lesser Scaup Aythya affinis W X X X X X
Hooded Merganser Lophodytes cucullatus A X
Red-brested Merganser Mergus serrator A X
Masked Duck Nomonyx dominicus A X X
KITES, HAWKS, EAGLES AND ALLIES - ACCIPITRIDAE
Osprey Pandion haliaetus Billy hawk, Jincho WR X X X X X X
Gray-headed Kite Leptodon cayanensis R X X X X X X
Hook-billed Kite Chondrohierax uncinatus R X X X X X X
Swallow-tailed Kite Elanoides forficatus Scissors-tailed hawk DT X X X X X X
Black-shouldered Kite Elanus leucurus (White-tailed Kite) R X X X X X X
Snail Kite Rostrhamus sociabilis R X X X X X X
Double-toothed Kite Harpagus bidentatus R ? X ? X X X
Mississippi Kite Ictinia mississippiensis T X X X
Plumbeous Kite Ictinia plumbea D X X X X X X
Black collared Hawk Busarellus nigricollis Fishing hawk R X X X X X
Northern Harrier Circus cyaneus W X X X X X X
Sharp-shinned Hawk Accipiter striatus W X X X X X X
Cooperís Hawk Accipiter cooperi W X X X X X
Bicolored Hawk Accipiter bicolor R X X X X X X
Crane Hawk Geranospiza caerulescens R X X X X X X
White Hawk Leucopternis albicollis R X X X X X
Gray Hawk Asturina nitidus R X X X X X X
Common Black-Hawk Buteogallus anthracinus Water hawk R X X X X X X
Great Black-Hawk Buteogallus urubitinga R X X X X X X
Solitary Eagle Harpyhaliaetus solitarius R X X X
Roadside Hawk Buteo magnirostris Chicken Hawk R X X X X X X
Broad-winged Hawk Buteo platypterus T X X X X X X
Short-tailed Hawk Buteo brachyurus R X X X X X X
White-tailed Hawk Buteo albicaudatus R X X X X X X
Zone-tailed Hawk Buteo albonotatus W? ? X X X ? X
Red-tailed Hawk Buteo jamaicensis RT X X X X
Crested Eagle * Morphnus guianensis R X X
Harpy Eagle * Harpia harpyja A X X
Black-and-white Hawk-Eagle Spizastur melanoleucus R X X X X X
Black Hawk-Eagle Spizaetus tyrannus R X X X X X X
Ornate Hawk-Eagle * Spizaetus ornatus Curassow hawk R X X X X X
FALCONS AND ALLIES - FALCONIDAE
Barred Forest-Falcon Micrastur ruficollis R X X X X X
Collared Forest-Falcon Micrastur semitorquatus R X X X X X X
Crested Caracara Caracara cheriway A ? X ?
Laughing Falcon Herpetotheres cachinnans Guaco R X X X X X X
American Kestrel Falco sparverius W X X X X X X
Merlin Falco columbarius W X X X X X X
Aplomado Falcon Falco femoralis R X X X X X X
Bat Falcon Falco rufigularis Lion hawk R X X X X X X
Orange-breasted Falcon * Falco deiroleucus R X X X X
Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus W X X X X X X
GUANS AND CURASSOWS - CRACIDAE
Plain Chachalaca Ortalis vetula Cockycrow, Cocrico R X X X X X X
Crested Guan Penelope purpurascens R X X X X X X
Great Curassow * Crax rubra Faisan, Pajouil R X X X X X X
TURKEYS - PHASIANIDAE
Ocellated Turkey * Meleagris ocellata R X X
QUAIL - ODONTOPHORIDAE
Black-throated Bobwhite Colinus nigrogularis (Yucatan Bobwhite) R X X X X X X
Spotted Wood-Quail Odontophorus guttatus Congo bird R ? X ? X X X
Singing Quail Dactylortyx thoracicus R X X ?
RAILS, GALLINULES AND ALLIES   RALLIDAE
Ruddy Crake Laterallus ruber Dodging bull R X X X X X X
Gray-breasted Crake Laterallus exilis R X X X
Black Rail Laterallus jamaicensis R X X X X
Clapper Rail Rallus longirostris Top-na-chick R X X X X
Rufous-necked Wood Rail Aramides axillaris Gallinola R ? X X X
Gray-necked Wood Rail Aramides cajanea Top-na-chick, Gallinola R X X X X X X
Uniform Crake Amaurolimnas concolor R X X X X X
Sora Porzana carolina WT X X X X X X
Yellow-breasted Crake Porzana flaviventer ? X X
Spotted Rail Pardirallus maculatus R X X X
Purple Gallinule Porphyrula martinica R X X X X X X
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus R X X X X X X
American Coot Fulica americana WR X X X X X X
FINFOOTS - HELIORNITHIDAE
Sungrebe Heliornis fulica R X X X X X
LIMPKINS - ARAMIDAE
Limpkin Aramus guarauna Clucking hen R X X X X X X
PLOVERS - CHARADRIIDAE
Black-bellied Plover Pluvialis squatarola WT X X X X
American Golden-Plover Pluvialis dominica (Lesser Golden Plover) WT X X X
Snowy Plover Charadrius alexandrinus W X
Collared Plover Charadrius collaris W X X X
Wilsonís Plover Charadrius wilsonia R X X X X
Semipalmated Plover Charadrius semipalmatus WT X X X X X
Southern Lapwing Vanellus chilensis A   x        
Killdeer Charadrius vociferus WT X X X X X X
OYSTERCATHERS - HAEMATOPODIDAE
American Oystercatcher Haematopus palliatus W X X
STILTS & AVOCETS - RECURVIROSTRIDAE
Black necked Stilt Himantopus mexicanus WR X X X X X X
American Avocet Recurvirostra americana WT X X
JACANAS - JACANIDAE
Northern Jacana Jacana spinosa Georgie bull R X X X X X X
SANDPIPERS AND ALLIES - SCOLOPACIDAE
Greater Yellowlegs Tringa melanoleuca W X X X X X X
Lesser Yellowlegs Tringa flavipes W X X X X X X
Solitary Sandpiper Tringa solitaria W X X X X X X
Willet Catoptrophorus semipalmatus WT X X X X X
Spotted Sandpiper Actitis macularia Shaky batty WT X X X X X X
Upland Sandpiper Bartramia longicauda T X X X X
Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus WT ? X X X
Long-billed Curlew Numenius americanus WT X ? X
Hudsonian Godwit Limosa haemastica A X X
Marbled Godwit Limosa fedoa T X
Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres WT X X X X
Red Knot Calidris canutus WT X X
Sanderling Calidris alba W X X X X
Semipalmated Sandpiper Calidris pusilla T X X X X X X
Western Sandpiper Calidris mauri W X X X X X X
Least Sandpiper Calidris minutilla W X X X X X X
White-rumped Sandpiper Calidris fuscicollis WT X X X X X X
Pectoral Sandpiper Calidris melanotos WT X X X ? X X
Dunlin Calidris alpina T X X X
Stilt Sandpiper Calidris himantopus T X X X X
Buff-breasted Sandpiper Tryngites subruficollis T X X X
Short-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus griseus W X X X X X X
Long-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus scolopaceus W ? X X ? X X
Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago W X X X X X X
Wilson's Phalarope Phalaropus tricolor W X X
Red-necked Phalarope Phalaropus lobatus A X
SKUAS, GULLS, TERNS AND SKIMMERS - LARIDAE
Great Skua Catharacta skua WT ?
Pomarine Jaeger Stercorarius pomarinus WT X ?
Parasitic Jaeger Stercorarius parasiticus WT X ?
Laughing Gull Larus atricilla Laughing bird WR X X X X X X
Franklinís Gull Larus pipixcan T X X X
Bonaparte's Gull Larus philadelphia A X X
Black-tailed Gull Larus crassirostris A X
Ring-billed Gull Larus delawarensis W X X ? X
Herring Gull Larus argentatus W X X X X X
Black-legged Kittiwake Rissa tridactyla A X
Gull-billed Tern Sterna nilotica T X X X X
Caspian Tern Sterna caspia R X X X X X
Royal Tern Sterna maxima Large seagull WR X X X X
Sandwich Tern Sterna sandvicensis Sea gull WR X X X X X
Roseate Tern Sterna dougallii R X
Common Tern Sterna hirundo WT X X ? X
Forsterís Tern Sterna forsteri W? X X ? X
Least Tern Sterna antillarum R X X X X
Sooty Tern Sterna fuscata Wide awake R X X X
Black Tern Chlidonias niger T X X X X X
Brown Noddy Anous stolidus Noddy R X
Black Noddy Anous minutus Noddy R X
Black Skimmer Rynchops niger W X X X
PIGEONS AND DOVES - COLUMBIDAE
Feral Pigeon Columba livia R X X X X X X
Pale-vented Pigeon Columba cayennensis Red mangrove pigeon R X X X X X X
Scaled Pigeon Columba speciosa Mountain pigeon R X X X X X X
White-crowned Pigeon Columba leucocephala R X X X X
Red-billed Pigeon Columba flavirostris R X X uX X X X
Short-billed Pigeon Columba nigrirostris Tres pesos pigeon R X X X X X
Eurasian Collared Dove Streptopelia decaocto A X
White-winged Dove Zenaida asiatica WR X X X X X X
Mourning Dove Zenaida macroura W X X X X X X
Inca Dove Columbina inca R X
Common Ground-Dove Columbina passerina Turtle dove R X X X X X X
Plain-breasted Ground-Dove Columbina minuta R X X X X X X
Ruddy Ground-Dove Columbina talpacoti Turtle dove R X X X X X X
Blue Ground-Dove Claravis pretiosa R X X X X X X
White-tipped Dove Leptotila verreauxi R X X X X X X
Gray-fronted Dove Leptotila rufaxilla R X X X X X X
Caribbean Dove Leptotilia jamaicensis R X
Gray-Chested Dove Leptotila cassini R X X X X
Ruddy Quail-Dove Geotrygon montana R X X X X X X
PARROTS - PSITTACIDAE
Olive-throated Parakeet Aratinga nana Aztec Parakeet, Keetie R X X X X X X
Scarlet Macaw * Ara macao cyanoptera Guacamallo R X X X
Brown-hooded Parrot Pionopsitta haematotis R X X X X X
White-crowned Parrot Pionus senilis R X X X X X X
White-fronted Parrot Amazona albifrons R X X X X X
Yellow-lored Parrot Amazona xantholora Yucatan Parrot R X X X X X
Red-lored Parrot Amazona autumnalis R X X X X X X
Mealy Parrot Amazona farinosa Watch-out Parrot R X X X X X
Yellow-headed Parrot Amazona oratrix Yellow-head R X X X X X
Yellow-naped Parrot Amazona auropalliata A X
CUCKOOS - CUCULIDAE
Black-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus erythropthalmus T X X X
Yellow-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus americanus T X X X X X X
Mangrove Cuckoo Coccyzus minor R X X X X X
Squirrel Cuckoo Piaya cayana Pe-quam R X X X X X X
Striped Cuckoo Tapera naevia R X X X X X X
Pheasant Cuckoo Dromococcyx phasianellus R ? X X X X X
Smooth-billed Ani Crotophaga ani Cowboy Blackbird R X
Groove-billed Ani Crotophaga sulcirostris Cowboy Blackbird, Chel R X X X X X X
BARN-OWLS - TYTONIDAE
Barn-Owl Tyto alba Monkey bird, Curujo R X X X X X X
TYPICAL OWLS - STRIGIDAE
Vermiculated Screech-Owl Otus guatemalae Monkey bird R X X X X X X
Crested Owl Lophostrix cristata R X X X
Spectacled Owl Pulsatrix perspicillata R X X X X
Great Horned Owl Bubo virginianus R X X
Central American Pygmy-Owl Glaucidium griseiceps R X X X X X
Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl Glaucidium brasilianum R X X X X X X
Burrowing Owl Athene cunicularia A X X
Mottled Owl Ciccaba virgata R X X X X X X
Black-and-white Owl Ciccaba nigrolineata R X X X X
Stygian Owl Asio stygius R X X X X X
Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus A X
Striped Owl Pseudoscops clamator R X X X
NIGHTHAWKS AND NIGHTJARS - CAPRIMULGIDAE
Short-tailed Nighthawk Lurocalis semitorquatus A X X
Lesser Nighthawk Chordeiles acutipennis RT X X X X X X
Common Nighthawk Chordeiles minor RT X X X? X X? X
Pauraque Nyctidromus albicollis Who-you, Xpuhuy R X X X X X X
Yucatan Poorwill Nyctiphrynus yucatanicus R X X X X
Chuck-willís-widow Caprimulgus carolinensis T X X X
Yucatan Nightjar Caprimulgus badius Xpuhuy R X X X X X
Whip-poor-will Caprimulgus vociferus T? X X X
POTOOS - NYCTIBIIDAE
Great Potoo Nyctibius grandis          
x
   
Northern Potoo Nyctibius jamaicensis Six-month Bird R X X X X X X
SWIFTS - APODIDAE
White-chinned Swift Cypseloides cryptus R ? X
White-collared Swift Streptoprocne zonaris R X X X X X
Chestnut-collared Swift Streptoprocne rutila A X X
Chimney Swift Chaetura pelagica T X X X X X X
Vauxís Swift Chaetura vauxi R X X X X X X
White-throated Swift Aeronautes saxatilis A
Lesser Swallow-tailed Swift Panyptila cayennensis R X X X X X
HUMMINGBIRDS - TROCHILIDAE
Band-tailed Barbthroat Threnetes ruckeri R X X
Long-tailed Hermit Phaethornis superciliosus R X X X X X
Little Hermit Pygmornis longuemareus R X X X X X X
Scaly-breasted Hummingbird Phaeochroa cuvierii R X X X X X
Wedge-tailed Sabrewing Campylopterus curvipennis R X X X X X X
Violet Sabrewing Campylopterus hemileucurus R X X X
White-necked Jacobin Florisuga mellivora R X X X X X
Green-breasted Mango Anthracothorax prevostii R X X X X X X
Brown Violet-ear Colibri delphinae R X X X X
Black-crested Coquette Lophornis helenae R X X X
Canivetís Emerald Chlorostilbon canivetti (Fork-tailed Emerald) R X X X X X X
Violet-crowned Woodnymph Thalurania colombica R X X
Blue-throathed Goldentail Hylocharis eliciae R X X
White-bellied Emerald Amazilia candida R X X X X X X
Azure-crowned Hummingbird Amazilia cyanocephala R X X X X X
Rufous-tailed Hummingbird Amazilia tzacatl R X X X X X X
Buff-bellied Hummingbird Amazilia yucatanensis R X X X X X
Cinnamon Hummingbird Amazilia rutila R X X X X X
Stripe-tailed Hummingbird Eupherusa eximia R X X X
Purple-crowned Fairy Heliothryx barroti R X X X X X
Long-billed Starthroat Heliomaster longirostris R X X X
Ruby-throated Hummingbird Archilochus colubris TW X X X X X X
TROGONS - TROGONIDAE
Black-headed Trogon Trogon melanocephalus Ramatutu R X X X X X X
Violaceous Trogon Trogon violaceus Peche amarillo R X X X X X X
Collared Trogon Trogon collaris R X X X X
Slaty-tailed Trogon Trogon massena R X X X X X
MOTMOTS - MOMOTIDAE
Tody Motmot Hylomanes momotula R X X X X X
Blue-crowned Motmot Momotus momota Good Cook R X X X X X X
Keel-billed Motmot Electron carinatum R X X X
KINGFISHERS - ALCEDINIDAE
Ringed Kingfisher Ceryle torquata R X X X X X X
Belted Kingfisher Ceryle alcyon W X X X X X X
Amazon Kingfisher Chloroceryle amazona R ? X X X X X
Green Kingfisher Chloroceryle americana R X X X X X X
American Pygmy Kingfisher Chloroceryle aenea R X X X X X X

 

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