Biodiversity in Belize
Biological Diversity in Belize
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Checklist of the vascular plants of Belize

 

Unidentified Plant species, help anyone? Click here

 

Endemic Flora and Fauna of Belize.

The number of strictly Belizean endemics is small. Belize is a small country and does not have many habitats that are unique to the country. Most endemics are found in the Maya Mountains and in the Lowland Savannas of Belize.

This list is a tentative one. For example, there must be many marine organisms and invertebrates that are endemic, but I haven't yet tried to compile a complete list of these. Any help here will be appreciated (contact me). In the list here are a few links to more information on the species.

Flora

Division Class Family Genus species Author
Gymnospermae Cycadophyta Zamiaceae Zamia decumbens Calonje & Meerman
Gymnospermae Cycadophyta Zamiaceae Zamia meermanii Calonje
Angiospermae Dicotyledoneae Acanthaceae Louteridium chartaceum Leonard               
Angiospermae Dicotyledoneae Annonaceae Oxandra proctorii Lundell               
Angiospermae Dicotyledoneae Apocynaceae Laubertia gentlei Lundell               
Angiospermae Dicotyledoneae Asclepiadaceae Metastelma stenomeres Standl. & Steyerm.             
Angiospermae Dicotyledoneae Asteraceae Ageratum radicans B. L. Rob.             
Angiospermae Dicotyledoneae Asteraceae Koanophyllon sorensenii R. M. King & H. Rob.          
Angiospermae Dicotyledoneae Asteraceae Neurolaena schippii B. L. Rob.             
Angiospermae Dicotyledoneae Asteraceae Telanthophora bartlettii H. Rob. & Brettel            
Angiospermae Dicotyledoneae Celastraceae Crossopetalum gentlei (Lundell) Lundell              
Angiospermae Dicotyledoneae Celastraceae Zinowiewia pallida Lundell               
Angiospermae Dicotyledoneae Clusiaceae Hypericum aphyllum Lundell               
Angiospermae Dicotyledoneae Eriocaulaceae Paepalanthus belizensis Moldenke               
Angiospermae Dicotyledoneae Eriocaulaceae Paepalanthus gentlei Moldenke               
Angiospermae Dicotyledoneae Eriocaulaceae Syngonanthus bartlettii Moldenke               
Angiospermae Dicotyledoneae Eriocaulaceae Syngonanthus hondurensis Moldenke               
Angiospermae Dicotyledoneae Eriocaulaceae Syngonanthus lundellianus Moldenke               
Angiospermae Dicotyledoneae Eriocaulaceae Syngonanthus oneillii Moldenke               
Angiospermae Dicotyledoneae Euphorbiaceae Dalechampia schippii Standl.               
Angiospermae Dicotyledoneae Euphorbiaceae Gymnanthes belizensis G. L. Webster             
Angiospermae Dicotyledoneae Fabaceae: Mimosoideae Mimosa pinetorum Standl.               
Angiospermae Dicotyledoneae Fabaceae: Mimosoideae Pithecellobium peckii S. F. Blake             
Angiospermae Dicotyledoneae Fabaceae: Papilionoideae Galactia anomala Lundell               
Angiospermae Dicotyledoneae Lamiaceae Scutellaria lundellii Epling               
Angiospermae Dicotyledoneae Melastomataceae Miconia ochroleuca Standl.               
Angiospermae Dicotyledoneae Moraceae Dorstenia belizensis C. C. Berg             
Angiospermae Dicotyledoneae Myrtaceae Calyptranthes bartlettii Standl.               
Angiospermae Dicotyledoneae Myrtaceae Calyptranthes cuneifolia Lundell               
Angiospermae Dicotyledoneae Myrtaceae Eugenia rufidula Lundell               
Angiospermae Dicotyledoneae Myrtaceae Plinia peroblata (Lundell) Lundell              
Angiospermae Dicotyledoneae Nyctaginaceae Pisonia proctorii Lundell               
Angiospermae Dicotyledoneae Passifloraceae Passiflora urbaniana Killip               
Angiospermae Dicotyledoneae Piperaceae Piper schippianum Trel. & Standl.             
Angiospermae Dicotyledoneae Polygonaceae Coccoloba `lundellii  Standl.              
Angiospermae Dicotyledoneae Rutaceae Amyris rhomboidea Standl.               
Angiospermae Monocotyledoneae Arecaceae Schippia concolor Burret               
Angiospermae Monocotyledoneae Dioscoreaceae Dioscorea sandwithii B. G. Schub.             
Angiospermae Monocotyledoneae Orchidaceae Pleurothallus duplooyi Luer & Sayers 2001
Angiospermae Monocotyledoneae Poaceae Axonopus ciliatifolius Swallen               
Angiospermae Monocotyledoneae Poaceae Paspalum peckii F. T. Hubb.             
Pteridophyta Polypodiophyta Schizaeaceae Anemia bartlettii Mickel               
Pteridophyta Polypodiophyta Thelypteridaceae Thelypteris schippii (Weath.) A. R.Sm.            

Source:

Balick, M.J., M.H. Nee & D.E.Atha. 2000. Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Belize.

Fauna

Class Family Genus species Author
Amphibia Ranidae Rana juliani Hillis & de Sa 1988
Odonata Gomphidae Epigomphus maya Donnely, 1989
Odonata Gomphidae Erpetegomphus leptophis Garisson, 1994
Arachnida Theraphosidae Citheracanthus meermani  Reichling & West, 2000
Arachnida Barychelidae Reichlingia annae Reichling, 1997
Arachnida Theraphosidae Metriopelma gutzkei Reichling, 1997
Lepidoptera Nymphalidae Cyllopsis wellingi  Miller, 1978
Fishes Pimelodidae Rhamdia typhla Greenfield, Greenfield & Woods, 1982
Fishes Poeciliidae Poecilia teresae Greenfield 1990

Sources:
Boomsma, T. & S. W. Dunkle, 1996. Odonata of Belize. Odonatologica 25(1): 17-28
Greenfield, D. W. & J.E. Thomerson. 1997. Fishes of the Continental Waters of Belize
Lee, J. C. 1996, The Amphibians and Reptiles of the Yucatan peninsula, Comstock Publ. Assoc., Ithaca, New York.
Meerman, 1999. Lepidoptera of Belize: 1. Butterflies, 2. Emperer moths and Hawk Moths. Tropical Lepidoptera (10) supplement 1. 1- 61.
Reichling, S. B. 2003. Tarantulas Of Belize

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