Biodiversity in Belize
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Tropical Lepidoptera

Co = Corozal District
OW = Orange Walk District
Be = Belize District
Cy = Cayo District
SC = Stann Creek District
To =Toledo District

 

 

Learn more about the largest butterfly house in Belize

 

Passionflowers of Belize, Part 1

   
Passiflora adenopoda

Passiflora adenopoda DC

A slender and rather messy vine. This is not a very common species in Belize, and I only know it from the Cayo (Cy) district. It tends to be very shortlived and depends on disturbance. The fruits are edible while the leaves have hooked trichomes which makes them adhere to clothes similar to velcro. larval foodplant for the butterfly Heliconius charithonia.

Passiflora biflora Lam.

This is a slender vine and the most widespread passionflower in Belize and is found in all districts. There appear to be several "morphs". One of them has rather leathery leaves and is seemingly adapted to swampy conditions and can be very common along rivers. Larval foodplant for the butterflies Agraulis vanillae, Dryadula phaetusa, Dryas iula, Heliconia charithonia and H.erato.

Passiflora biflora
Passiflora coriaceae

Passiflora coriaceae Juss

Slender vine, often creeping rather then climbing. Found in all districts, usually under shady conditions. The tough and leathery "batwing" leaves resemble those of P. xiikzodz.  Larval foodplant for the butterfly Heliconius erato.

Passiflora cobanensis Killip

Slender vine, often creeping rather then climbing. I Found it in the OW, Be, Cy and To districts. It appears restricted to exposed limestone hills and is well addapted to seasonal drought. The flower is green and not very showy. Of all the heliconid butterflies, only Dryas iulia will occasionally use this species as hostplant

Passiflora cobanensis
  No picture available

Passiflora costaricensis Killip

This slender vine I know only from the Stann Creek and Toledo districts. The species is noteworthy because of its densely hairy leaves. This species is one of the larval hostplants for the butterfly Eueides aliphera.

Passiflora guatemalensis S. Watson

This species can grow quite large. It is found in the Cayo, Stann Creek and Toledo districts. Because of it's unique leafshape and beautiful flowers it is a very attractive plant. Larval foodplant for the Heliconid butterfly Heliconius charithonia.

Passiflora guatemalensis
Passilfora helleri

Passiflora helleri Peyr.

This is a very large vine and I know it only from hilly areas in the Cayo, Stann Creek and Toledo districts. Young plants can be difficult to distinguish from P.biflora. Larval foodplant for the Heliconid butterflies Dione juno, Heliconius cydno and H. erato,

Passiflora rovirosae Killip

Slender, unasuming vine. Found in all districts. The most attractive feature of this species are the bright red hexagonal fruits that can be found growing on the naked stems, in de understory of the forest. Larval foodplant for the butterflies Euptoieta hegesia and Eueides aliphera.

Passiflora rovirosae
Passiflora sexflora

Passiflora sexflora Juss.

Slender vine. Very uncommon species, I know it only from the Cayo district. Flowers very small. Larval foodplant for the butterfly Eueides aliphera.

Passiflora suberosa L.

Small vine, often just creeping. Flowers minute. In Belize restricted to coastal sands of the Belize, Stann Creek and Toledo districts. Most common on the offshore cayes. Larval foodplant for the butterfly Helicononia charithonia.

Passiflora suberosa
Passiflora xiikzodz

Passiflora xiikzodz J.M.MacDougal

Slender vine, often creeping rather then climbing. Found in the Corozal, Cayo and Toledo districts. Usually under dry conditions such as on hill tops. The tough and leathery "batwing" leaves resemble those of P. coraceae.  Larval foodplant for the butterfly Heliconius erato.

Passiflora lancetillensis J.M. MacDougal & J. Meerman, 2003

Large vine. Only recently described (download paper) and as such not listed in the checklist of Belizean plants by Balick et al. (2000). Found fairly commonly on limestone hills in the Belize, Cayo and Toledo districts. The white flowers are very fragrant. The vine is the larval foodplant for the butterflies Dione juno and Eueides lineata

Passiflora lancetillensis

 

No picture available

Passiflora obovata Killip.

This huge vine has a fragmented distribution and within Belize it is known only from primary forests in the Toledo district. It appears to be the primary foodplant for the larvae of the rare butterfly Heliconius hecalesia.

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Last modified: January 21, 2005